The Massachusetts Male Aging Study (Feldman, et al. 1994) found minimal erectile dysfunction in 17% of respondents aged 40 to 70 years, moderate erectile dysfunction in 25% and complete erectile dysfunction in 10% . Braun and colleagues found erectile dysfunction in 19.2% of their 4,489 silicone sex doll respondents over 30 years, although the authors showed that not all participants reported erectile dysfunction. With regard to both emergency and general prevalence, a clear age effect was found . An important finding of these studies was the high coincidence with medical conditions .
Effective medication and mechanical aids are not contraindicated, but are complementary and used at the right time. Male sexual arousal is a complex process involving the brain, hormones, emotions, nerves, muscles and blood vessels. Erectile dysfunction can result from a problem with any of these problems. Likewise, stress and mental health problems can cause or worsen erectile dysfunction. If you are concerned about erectile dysfunction, contact your doctor, even if you are ashamed.
However, if erectile dysfunction is a continuous problem, it can cause stress, affect your confidence and contribute to relationship problems. Problems with or maintenance of an erection may also be a sign of an underlying health condition to be treated and a risk factor for heart disease. Sexual dysfunction in men is one of the most common health problems in men and is more common with increasing age. Sexual dysfunction in men can be caused by physical or mental problems. The JAMA number of June 23/30, 2004 contains an article about the different types of male sexual dysfunction and treatments for them.
Hormone treatment, such as testosterone replacement therapy, can help with hormonal imbalances that contribute to sexual dysfunction. Certain medications, such as antidepressants and blood pressure medications, can cause sexual dysfunction. During emotion, the brain sends nerve signals through the spinal cord to the penis. The arteries that supply blood to the erectile tissues react by opening more . The widened arteries dramatically increase blood flow to these areas, which swell and expand with blood. This expansion exerts pressure that compresses the veins that drain normal blood from the penis, slowing blood production and increasing blood pressure in the penis.
These include premature ejaculation and the inability to ejaculate. Causes include medications, such as some antidepressants, sex anxiety, a history of sexual trauma and strict religious beliefs. This can lead to low libido and problems with excitement and desire, because sex can be painful if the vagina is not lubricated properly. Vaginal dryness can result from hormonal changes that occur during and after menopause or, for example, during lactation. Psychological problems, such as sex anxiety, can also cause vaginal dryness. And anticipating painful sex due to vaginal dryness can in turn reduce a woman’s sexual desire.
If left untreated, the condition can lead to permanent loss of erectile function. Other sources of sexual pain in men are Peyronie’s disease, which are post-traumatic urinary tract infections, prostate inflammation, fungal infections, genital herpes and skin conditions. Previously, the terms used to describe a sexual arousal disorder include “frigidity” for women and “impotence” for men, but these terms are generally not used today. Impotence is now described as erectile dysfunction and there are several terms to describe frigidity.
By defining the range of sexual problems, Masters and Johnson have defined a limit between dysfunction and abnormalities. According to Masters and Johnson, sexual arousal and climax are a normal physiological process for any functionally intact adult, but they can be inhibited despite autonomous responses. The Masters and Johnson Dysfunction Treatment Program was 81.1% successful. A few decades ago, the medical community believed that most cases of sexual dysfunction were related to mental health problems. While this is true for some men, the vast majority of cases have now been identified as physical cause or correlation.
Other studies confirmed this greater value attached to fulfilling the need for psychosocial proximity, intimacy and safety compared to the search for pure sexual satisfaction . For women, pain during sex can be treated with hormone replacement therapy, different positions or vaginal lubricants. For men and women, emptying the bladder before having sex can help. Your doctor can help you identify the cause of your pain and decide which treatment is best for you. Incorrect lubrication and tight vaginal muscles make penetration painful. Involuntary muscle spasms or vaginismus can harm sexual intercourse.
The central premise is that activating events leads to negative automatic thoughts. These negative thoughts in turn lead to disturbed negative feelings and dysfunctional behavior. The goal is to rethink these irrational beliefs through structured sessions. 21 CBT has also been used to treat sexual desire by focusing on dysfunctional thoughts, unrealistic expectations, coupling behavior that reduces the desire for sexual intercourse and insufficient physical stimulation. For example, men with a sexual desire or male erectile dysfunction can be instructed to masturbate to tackle fear of failure related to achieving full erection and ejaculation. Types of sexual dysfunction include conditions related to sexual desire or libido, erection, ejaculation and orgasm.
In older women it is normal for the vagina to be narrower and atrophy. If a woman does not regularly participate in sexual activity, she cannot immediately catch a penis without risking pain or injury if she decides to have penetrating sex. This can become a vicious circle that often leads to female sexual dysfunction. Sexual wish disorders are poorly recognized and ill-treated conditions that lead to great morbidity in relationships. A complete history and physical examination are crucial for the correct diagnosis and determination of the causative agent. With proper treatment it can be improved, but further research into sexual dysfunction is critical in the sensitive but ubiquitous area.